ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_198903.2(GABRG2):c.220C>G (p.Leu74Val) (rs796052503)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000187519 SCV000241113 likely pathogenic not provided 2012-05-10 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing p.Leu74Val (CTG>GTG): c.220 C>G in exon 2 of the GABRG2 gene (NM_000816.3) The Leu74Val missense change has not been published as a mutation, nor has it been reported as a benign polymorphism to our knowledge. The NHLBI ESP Exome Variant Project has not identified Leu74Val in approximately 5,000 individuals of European or African American ethnicity, indicating that it is not a common benign variant in these populations. The amino acid substitution is conservative, as both Leucine and Valine are uncharged, non-polar amino acids of similar size. However, it alters a highly conserved position in the N-terminal extracellular domain of the protein, and other missense mutations at nearby codons (N79S, R82Q, P83S) have been reported in association with epilepsy (MacDonald et al., 2010; Shi et al., 2010; Lachance-Touchette et al, 2011). Multiple in silico algorithms predict that Leu74Val is damaging to protein structure/function. Based on the available information, Leu74Val is a strong candidate to be a disease-causing mutation, but the possibility that it is a benign variant cannot be excluded. The variant is found in CHILD-EPI panel(s).

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