ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_206933.4(USH2A):c.1841-2A>G (rs397518003)

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Total submissions: 6
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Laboratory for Molecular Medicine, Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine RCV000041799 SCV000065495 pathogenic Rare genetic deafness 2018-12-04 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The c.1841-2A>G variant in USH2A has been reported in at least 12 probands with Usher syndrome and 2 probands with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), including at least 3 homozygous individuals and 7 individuals who were compound heterozygous for a second pathogenic USH2A variant (Bernal 2003, Maubaret 2005, Sandberg 2008, Jai jo 2010, Garcia-Garcia 2011, Vozzi 2011, LeQuesne Stabej 2012, Sodi 2014, Lenard uzzi 2015, Bonnet 2016, LMM data). This variant segregated with RP in one affect ed sibling (Bernal 2003). It has also been identified in 0.003% (4/113596) of Eu ropean chromosomes by gnomAD (http://gnomad.broadinstitute.org); however, this f requency is low enough to be consistent with a recessive carrier frequency. Fina lly, the c.1841-2A>G variant is located in the canonical splice consensus sequen ce and functional studies demonstrate that it causes skipping of exon 11, leadin g to a frameshift and the introduction of a premature termination codon (Jaijo 2 011). In summary, this variant meets criteria to be classified as pathogenic for autosomal recessive Usher syndrome. ACMG/AMP criteria applied: PVS1, PM3_VerySt rong, PM2, PP4.
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000270130 SCV000354157 pathogenic USH2A-Related Disorders 2017-04-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The USH2A c.1841-2A>G occurs in a canonical splice site (acceptor) and is therefore predicted to disrupt or distort the normal gene product. The c.1841-2A>G variant has been reported in ten studies in which it is found in a total of 14 individuals including five homozygotes, two compound heterozygotes and five heterozygotes with Usher syndrome, and two compound heterozygotes with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (Bernal et al. 2003; Maubaret et al. 2005; Sandberg et al. 2008; Jaijo et al. 2010; Jaijo et al. 2011; Garcia-Garcia et al. 2011; Vozzi et al. 2011; Le Quesne Stabej et al. 2012; Baux et al. 2014). The variant was also observed in a homozygous state in two siblings with non-syndromic hearing loss in whom no visual phenotype was reported (Vona et al. 2014). The variant was shown to co-segregate with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa in one family (Bernal et al. 2003; Sandberg et al. 2008). The c.1841-2A>G variant was absent from 1272 control chromosomes and is reported at a frequency of 0.00004 in the European (non-Finnish) population of the Exome Aggregation Consortium. Using minigene assays the c.1841-2A>G variant was shown to cause skipping of exon 11 and an r.1841_1971del change at the RNA level, leading to a frameshift (p.Gly614AspfsX6) with premature truncation and the loss of approximately 88% of the protein. Based on the collective evidence and potential impact of splice acceptor variants, the c.1841-2A>G variant is classified as pathogenic for USH2A-related disorders. This variant was observed by ICSL as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population.
Fulgent Genetics,Fulgent Genetics RCV000665036 SCV000893961 pathogenic Usher syndrome, type 2A; Retinitis pigmentosa 39 2018-10-31 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Invitae RCV001069761 SCV001234953 pathogenic not provided 2019-12-09 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change affects an acceptor splice site in intron 10 of the USH2A gene. It is expected to disrupt RNA splicing and likely results in an absent or disrupted protein product. This variant is present in population databases (rs397518003, ExAC 0.004%). This variant has been observed to segregate with retinitis pigmentosa in a family (PMID: 12525556) and it has been observed in combination with another USH2A variant in unrelated individuals affected with USH2A-related conditions (PMID: 27460420, 29986705). This variant is also known as IVS10-2A>G in the literature. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 48476). Experimental studies have shown that this variant disrupts mRNA splicing (PMID: 20497194). Donor and acceptor splice site variants typically lead to a loss of protein function (PMID: 16199547), and loss-of-function variants in USH2A are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 10729113, 10909849, 20507924, 25649381). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.
CeGaT Praxis fuer Humangenetik Tuebingen RCV001069761 SCV001248861 pathogenic not provided 2017-10-01 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Counsyl RCV000984014 SCV000789092 pathogenic Retinitis pigmentosa 39 2017-01-19 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing

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