ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NR_003051.3(RMRP):n.-20_2dup

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000817755 SCV000958337 likely pathogenic Anauxetic dysplasia 2018-12-19 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant occurs in the RMRP gene, which encodes an RNA molecule that does not result in a protein product. The frequency data for this variant in the population databases is considered unreliable, as metrics indicate insufficient coverage at this position in the ExAC database. While this particular variant has not been reported in the literature, it is located in the promoter region between the TATA box and the transcription initiation site, and other similar insertions and duplications immediately upstream of the coding sequence have been reported in individuals affected with cartilage-hair hypoplasia (PMID: 11207361, 16838329, 17189938, 21570718, 14608646, 16832578, 12107819, 16244706). While functional studies for this variant have not been reported, experimental analyses using patient derived cells, as well as in vitro transfection studies, have shown that promoter insertions result in silencing of RMRP transcription and reduced expression of the gene product (PMID: 11207361, 16254002). In summary, the currently available evidence indicates that the variant is pathogenic, but additional data are needed to prove that conclusively. Therefore, this variant has been classified as Likely Pathogenic.

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