ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NR_023343.1(RNU4ATAC):n.48G>A (rs863225422)

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Total submissions: 3
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Undiagnosed Diseases Network,NIH RCV000202314 SCV000837726 likely pathogenic Roifman syndrome 2018-03-20 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV001095783 SCV001251631 likely pathogenic RNU4ATAC-related spliceosomopathies 2020-01-31 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The RNU4ATAC n.48G>A variant is a single nucleotide variant in a non-coding region which impacts the U4atac snRNA. The n.48G>A variant is reported in a compound heterozygous state in one individual with Roifman syndrome (Merico et al. 2015). Additionally, the n.48G>A variant is reported in a compound heterozygous state in a second individual with Roifman syndrome in a submission from the Undiagnosed Disease Network (UDN) to the ClinVar database (Landrum et al. 2018). Although not described in the published literature, additional information about this child is available on the UDN website (https://undiagnosed.hms.harvard.edu/participants/participant-127/ ). In both available cases, the n.48G>A variant was reported in trans with the n.13C>T variant. The n.48G>A variant is reported at a frequency of 0.000060 in the European (non-Finnish) population of the Genome Aggregation Database in a region of good sequence coverage so the variant is presumed to be rare. It is located in the kink-turn motif of the 5' stem loop of U4atac snRNA, which interacts with the human NHP2L1 protein during assembly of the minor spliceosome. While the consequences of the n.48G>A variant have not been evaluated experimentally, other variants in the kink-turn motif of the 5' stem loop and observed in individuals with Taybi Linder syndrome have been shown to impair binding to the NHP2L1 protein and minor spliceosome function (Jafarifar et al. 2014; Merico et al. 2015). Based on the collective evidence, the n.48G>A variant is classified as likely pathogenic for RNU4ATAC-related spliceosomopathies.
OMIM RCV000202314 SCV000257316 pathogenic Roifman syndrome 2015-11-02 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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